International system for classification and labelling of dangerous goods
The Carriage of dangerous goods and marine pollutants in sea-going ships is respectively
regulated in the International Convention for the Safety of the Life at Sea (SOLAS)
and the International Convention for the Prevention of pollution from Ships (MARPOL).
Relevant parts of both SOLAS and MARPOL have been worked out in great detail and
are included in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code, thus making
this Code the legal instrument for maritime transport of dangerous goods and marine
pollutants. As of 1st January 2004, the IMDG Code will become a mandatory requirement.
Classification of dangerous goods
For all modes of transport (sea, air, rail, road and inland waterways) the classification
(grouping) of dangerous goods, by type of risk involved, has been drawn up by the
UNITED NATIONS Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (UN).